YAG improves erythema and collagen

Written by on October 24, 2005 in laser therapy, Red Face of Rosacea with 0 Comments

Nonablative facial remodeling: erythema reduction and histologic evidence of new collagen formation using a 300-microsecond 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser.

Archives of Dermatology. 2004 Nov;140(11):1373-6.

Chrys D. Schmults, MD; Robert Phelps, MD; David J. Goldberg, MD

BACKGROUND: A variety of nonablative lasers have been used to improve skin color and toning. Evidence of new collagen has been seen. Using blinded observer analysis of electron microscopic changes, we have documented the effect of a nonablative Nd:YAG laser on collagen production and its relationship to patient age.

OBSERVATIONS: Ultrastructural analysis of 9 patients showed a decrease in overall collagen fiber diameter in the papillary dermis at 1 month and 3 months after 3 treatment sessions. This is consistent with the formation of new collagen. Younger patients had a greater decrease in collagen fiber diameter compared with older patients. The change in collagen fiber diameter with time as well as the relationship between that change and the patient’s age were statistically significant (P<.001). Photographic evaluation showed that those patients with preexisting erythema showed improvement in erythema along with an associated improvement in skin quality. There were no adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Microsecond Nd:YAG lasers appear to be safe for nonablative laser remodeling. Our study indicates that microsecond Nd:YAG lasers can produce new collagen formation in the papillary dermis. In addition, the condition of patients with erythema may be improved. Younger patients may form more new collagen compared with older patients with photodamage.

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About the Author: David Pascoe started the Rosacea Support Group in October 1998. .

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