Syndets and Lipid Free Cleansers, What Are They? Do They Work?

Written by on November 26, 2013 in aveeno, cetaphil, Cleansing Rosacea Skin, fact sheets with 12 Comments

syndet-lipid-free-cleanser

You may have come across the term Syndet or `Lipid Free Cleanser’ when researching mild cleansers. What are they, and am I missing something by not having them in my daily regime?

What is a Syndet?

Well the term means `Synthetic Detergent’ and is an attempt to create a cleanser that is suitable for the most sensitive of skins. These surfactants (they break the surface of dirt and grime) are made from oils, fats or petroleum, but are not processed by saponification like regular soaps.

What about a Lipid Free Cleanser?

Lipid-free cleansers are soapless liquids that cleanse without water. These products often contain glycerin, cetyl alcohol, and propylene glycol, but they do not contain oils or fats. They leave a thin moisturizing film, and are especially useful for people with sensitive or irritated skin.

Why are Soaps not recommended?

In general a pure soap is not recommended for rosacea sufferers.

A true soap is created by saponification, a process where long-chain fatty acids are combined with an alkali,  resulting in fatty acid salts – what we know as soap.

A true soap is `basic’ on the pH scale which means a value of around 9 to 10, which is far greater than the skin’s pH of 4.5 to 6.5. This means that a soap will change the acid/alkali balance of the skin.

What does skin pH mean?

The pH of the skin is generally in the range 4.5 to 6.5.

pH numbers refer to the acid, neutral or alkaline nature of the skin. The number is a range from 1 to 14, where 1 is highly acidic and 14 is highly basic (or alkali).

 

pH-scale

Hopefully it is clear from the above picture that it is not a good start to use a product in the 9-10/blue range on skin that is more in the 4-6/orange range.

What will Pure Soap Do to your Skin?

As we are told by Patricia K. Farris MD in `Skin Care Based on Science: Improving Outcomes in Rosacea’ (Cosmetic Dermatology Feb 2012 Vol 23 No. 2), continued use of alkali soaps or cleansers will increase the pH of the skin and cause functional changes such as a disruption of skin lipids, alter the skin flora and could also compromise the skin barrier function.

Thus the aim is to use a cleanser that is slightly acidic or neutral pH.

Also harsh surfactants can damage proteins and disrupt lipids in the stratum corneum and thus contribute to epidermal barrier dysfunction.

What about Combars?

A combination bar is a combination of a true soap and a synthetic detergent. Again they are general pH of 9-10 so are a poor choice for rosacea sufferers.

So what should rosacea sufferers use?

Milder cleansing alternatives that are recommended for rosacea sufferers fall into 2 camps – syndets and lipid-free cleansers.

What is a Syndet made of?

Syndets generally contain less than 10% soap, so can provide a more favourable pH.

Syndets are available as bars or liquids and can commonly contain sodium cocoyl isethionate as well as sulfosuccinates , alpha olefin sulfonates, alkyl glyceryl ether sulfonate, sodium cocoyl monoglyceride sulfate, betaines.

What are Lipid Free Cleansers?

Lipid free cleansers are able to cleans without containing any fat, and like a syndet have a slightly acidic or neutral pH. In general these cleansers do not lather and leave a thin moisturising layer on the skin.

What, No Lather?

Yes that’s right, don’t expect a soothing fluffy lather from these lipid free and syndet liquid cleansers. Say goodbye to that face full of bubbles you used to see in the mirror. You don’t need it, and it may be indicative of a harsh soap.

Article Abstract

Skin Care Based on Science: Improving Outcomes in Rosacea

Cosmet Dermatol. 2012;25:72-78.

Patients with rosacea have compromised skin barrier function and are more prone to dryness, irritation, and skin sensitivity.

With an understanding of the pathogenesis and inherent skin problems that rosacea patients experience, it is essential for dermatologists to provide specific recommendations for skin care.

Cleansers and moisturizers must be selected to improve skin barrier function and reduce inflammation.

Cosmeceuticals with anti-inflammatory actives may be helpful in mitigating the signs and symptoms of rosacea.

This article will review topical skin care products that may improve treatment outcomes in rosacea patients.

So What Now?

Are you currently using a pure soap every day? It may be worthwhile considering adding one of the following recommended cleansers to your daily cleansing regime.

Recommended Syndets

The article recommends the following Syndets;

1. Aveeno Moisturizing Bar

aveeno-moisturizing-bar-largeIngredients:

Oat FlourAvena Sativa , Cetearyl Alcohol , Stearic Acid , Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate , Water , Disodium Lauryl Sulfosuccinate , Glycerin , Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil , Titanium Dioxide , Citric Acid , Sodium Trideceth Sulfate , Hydrogenated Castor Oil

2. Cetaphil Gentle Cleansing Bar

 

cetaphil-gentle-cleansing-barIngredients: Sodium cocoyl isethionate, stearic acid, sodium tallowate, water, sodium stearate, sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate, sodium cocoate, PEG-20, sodium chloride, masking fragrance, sodium isethionate, petrolatum, sodium isostearoyl lactylate, sucrose cocoate, titanium dioxide, pentasodium pentetate, tetrasodium etidronate. May also contain sodium palm kernelate.

See also Cetaphil Gentle Cleansing Bar well tolerated, even helps rosacea symptoms

3. Dove Sensitive Skin Unscented Beauty Bar

dove-sensitive-unscented-beauty-barIngredients: Sodium Lauroyl Isethionate, Stearic Acid, Sodium Tallowate, Sodium Palmitate, Lauric Acid, Sodium Isethionate, Water, Sodium Stearate, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Sodium Cocoate, Sodium Palm Kernelate, Sodium Chloride, Tetrasodium EDTA, Tetrasodium Etidronate, Maltol, Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891)

4. Olay Ultra Moisture Bar

olay-ultra-moisture-barIngredients: sodium cocoyl isethionate, paraffin, sodium cocoglyceryl ether sulfonate, glycerin, water, talc, magnesium stearate, sodium isethionate, stearic acid, magnesium cocoate, coconut acid, sodium stearate, sodium cocoate, fragrance, magnesium laurate, titanium dioxide, lauric acid, sodium laurate, tetrasodium edta, butyrospermum parkii (shea butter), trisodium etidronate, peg-90m.

Recommended Lipid Free Cleansers

The article recommends the following lipid free cleansers;

1. Aquanil Cleanser (Aquanil Cleansing Lotion)

aquanil-cleanserIngredients: Water (Purified), Glycerin, Cetearyl Alcohol, Stearyl Alcohol, Benzyl Alcohol, Sodium Laureth Sulfate, Xanthan Gum.

2. CeraVe Hydrating Cleanser

 

cerave-hydrating-cleanser

Ingredients: behentrimonium methosulfate and ceteayl alcohol, carbomer, ceramide 1, ceramide 3, ceramide 6-ii, cetyl alcohol, cholesterol, dipotassium phosphate, disodium edta, glycerin, glyceryl monostearate, hyaluronic acid, methylparaben» phytosphingosine, polyoxyl 40 stearate, polysorbate 20, potassium phosphate, propylparaben, purified water, sodium lauroyl lactylate, stearyl alcohol, xanthan gum

See also: CeraVe Hydrating Cleanser and CeraVe Moisturizing Lotion User Reviews

3. Cetaphil Gentle Skin Cleanser

 

Cetaphil-Gentle-CleanserIngredients: purified water, cetyl alcohol, propylene glycol, sodium lauryl sulfate, stearyl alcohol, methylparaben, propylparaben and butylparaben

See also Cetaphil Gentle Skin Cleanser User Reviews

Update

You may also like to investigate Vanicream because that is also a mild moisturizer –   Vanicream Moisturizing Skin Cream User Reviews

Your Thoughts Please

A quick search reveals that we rosacea sufferers know very little about the following products. If you have tried them please do tell us what you thought of these;

  • Olay Ultra Moisture Bar
  • Dove Sensitive Skin Unscented Beauty Bar
  • Aveeno Moisturizing Bar
  • Aquanil Cleanser

Related Articles

About the Author

About the Author: David Pascoe started the Rosacea Support Group in October 1998. .

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12 Reader Comments

  1. Elsa says:

    There are so many unpronouncable chemicals on the ingredients list of all these products. I wonder if there is a natural product that could be used as a cleanser? I personally use Clinique redness solutions soothing cleanser to remove makeup, which I find is effective and gentle. Interestingly there is no list of ingredients on the tube.

    • David Pascoe says:

      It can be scary to see a long list of ingredients, but don’t be daunted as you can start to make sense of them. It does help if the list of ingredients is short of course.

      Here is is list of ingredients for the Clinque Redness Solutions Soothing Cleanser from here – http://rosacea-support.org/clinique-redness-solutions-ingredients.html

      water/aqua/eau, squalane, glycerin, butylene glycol, phenyl trimethicone, ammonium acryloyldimethyltaurate/vp copolymer, avena sativa (oat) kernel extract, cucumis sativus (cucumber) fruit extract, hordeum vulgare (barley) extract/extrait d’orge, sucrose stearate, sea whip extract, cholesterol, helianthus annuus (sunflower) seedcake, chamomilla recutita (matricaria), acetyl glucosamine, ppg-20 methyl glucose ether, caffeine, propylene glycol dicaprate, caprylyl glycol, stearic acid, sodium chloride, disodium edta, bht, phenoxyethanol, polyaminopropyl biguanide, yellow 5 (ci 19140), green 5 (ci 61570), blue 1 (ci 42090).

  2. sheliabutts811@gmail.com says:

    what about Neutragena oily face wash with salacylic acid as it’s key ingredient. How harsh is that for the PH levels on rosacea skin? I have been using it for years!

  3. Alicia says:

    What about vanicream? I bought the bar of soap and you can use it on your face these are the ingredients sodium cocoyl isethionate, stearic acid, water, sodium lauroyl sarcosinate, sodium isethionate, sorbitol solution, ceteareth-20, propylene glycol, cetearyl alcohol, glyceryl monostearate, white petrolatum, simethicone, polyethylene glycol monostearate, titanium dioxide, sorbic acid, BHT

  4. Angela says:

    I have used several of these “recommended” liquid cleansers and bars, and I had nothing bur problems with my skin. I have rosacea and acne and all of these caused horrible break outs. Afterward I found a list of comedogenic ingredients online and found several of the ingredients are VERY high on the list of causing acne AND irritation. My advice is to avoid all of these cleansers.

    I am still searching for any cleanser that is compatible with my wretched skn.

  5. Victoria says:

    Cetaphil lotion has actually caused me to have rosacea bumps on the sides of my nose so I switched to just using CeraVe for face wash and face lotion and I don’t have any breakouts. I am also taking Oracea in the morning and using Finacea at night. Still experienceing minor rosacea bumps and redness in/on my cheeks.

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